Monday, May 10, 2021

Detailed 11 to 20 - Question and Answers on COVID-19 (Corona Virus) By National Health Mission (Karnataka) - Part 2

 These are "Detailed  11 to 20 - Question and Answers on COVID-19 (Corona Virus)" By National Health Mission (Karnataka) - Part 2 for spreading awareness to improve good health of people.

Q11. How likely am I to catch COVID-19? 
Ans. - The risk depends on where you are - and more specifically, whether there is a COVID-19 outbreak unfolding there. 
- For most people in most locations the risk of catching COVID-19 is still low. However, there are now places around the world (cities or areas) where the disease is spreading. 
- For people living in, or visiting, these areas the risk of catching COVID-19 is higher. Governments and health authorities are taking vigorous action every time a new case of COVID-19 is identified. 
- Be sure to comply with any local restrictions on travel, movement or large gatherings. 
- Cooperating with disease control efforts will reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19. COVID-19 outbreaks can be contained and transmission stopped, as has been shown in China and some other countries. Unfortunately, new outbreaks can emerge rapidly. 
- It’s important to be aware of the situation where you are or intend to go. 

Q.12. Should I worry about COVID-19? 
Ans. - Illness due to COVID-19 infection is generally mild, especially for children and young adults. 
- However, it can cause serious illness: about 1 in every 5 people who catch it need hospital care. 
- It is therefore quite normal for people to worry about how the COVID-19 outbreak will affect them and their loved ones. 
- We can channel our concerns into actions to protect ourselves, our loved ones and our communities. 
- First and foremost among these actions is regular and thorough hand-washing and good respiratory hygiene. 
- Secondly, keep informed and follow the advice of the local health authorities including any restrictions put in place on travel, movement and gatherings.

Q.13. Who is at risk of developing severe illness?
Ans. - While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.

Q.14. Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating the COVID-19?
Ans. - No. Antibiotics do not work against viruses, they only work on bacterial infections. 
- COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. 
- They should only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.

Q.15. Are there any medicines or therapies that can prevent or cure COVID-19?
Ans. - While some western, traditional or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of COVID-19, there is no evidence that current medicine can prevent or cure the disease. 
- We does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. 
- However, there are several ongoing clinical trials that include both western and traditional medicines. 
- We will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings are available.

Q.16. Is COVID-19 the same as SARS? 
Ans. - No. The virus that causes COVID-19 and the one that caused the outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 are related to each other genetically, but the diseases they cause are quite different. 
- SARS was more deadly but much less infectious than COVID-19. There have been no outbreaks of SARS anywhere in the world since 2003.

Q.17. How to put on use take off and dispose of a mask? 
Ans. 1. Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough. 
2. Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water 
3. Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes. 
4. Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is). 
5. Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side). 
6. Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose. 
7. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin. 
8. After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask. 
9. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use. 
10. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

Q.18. How long is the incubation period for COVID-19? 
Ans. - The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. 
- Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. 
- These estimates will be updated as more data become available.

Q.19. Can humans become infected with the COVID-19 from an animal source? 
Ans. - Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in animals. 
- Occasionally, people get infected with these viruses which may then spread to other people. 
- For example, SARS-CoV was associated with civet cats and MERS-CoV is transmitted by dromedary camels. 
- Possible animal sources of COVID-19 have not yet been confirmed. 
- To protect yourself, such as when visiting live animal markets, avoid direct contact with animals and surfaces in contact with animals. 
- Ensure good food safety practices at all times. 
- Handle raw meat, milk or animal organs with care to avoid contamination of uncooked foods and avoid consuming raw or undercooked animal products.

Q.20. Can I catch COVID-19 from my pet? 
Ans. - While there has been one instance of a dog being infected in Hong Kong, to date, there is no evidence that a dog, cat or any pet can transmit COVID-19. 
- COVID-19 is mainly spread through droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. 
- To protect yourself, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly. 
- We continues to monitor the latest research on this and other COVID19 topics and will update as new findings are available.

Question and Answers on COVID-19 Part 1..  2..

MCQs on Covid 19 Part 1 

Sunday, May 9, 2021

Detailed 10 Question and Answers on COVID-19 (Corona Virus) By National Health Mission (Karnataka) - Part 1

Question and Answers on COVID-19 (Corona Virus) By National Health Mission (Karnataka)
 These are Detailed Question and  Answers on COVID-19 (Corona Virus) for spreading awareness to improve good health of people.

Q.1. What is corona virus?

Ans. - Corona viruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. 

- In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more

- severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). 

- The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

Q.2.What is COVID-19?

Ans. - COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered corona virus. 

- This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. 

Q.3. What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Ans. - The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. 

- Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. 

- These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. 

- Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don't feel unwell. 

- Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special


- Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. 

- Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. 

- People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.  

Q.4. How does COVID-19 spread?

Ans. - People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. 

- The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. 

- These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. 

- Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth.

- People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. 

- This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

Q.5. Can the virus that causes COVID-19 be transmitted through the air?

Ans.  - Studies to date suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets rather than through the air. 

- See previous answer on “How does COVID-19 spread?”

Q.6. Can CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?

Ans. - The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing.  

- The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. 

- However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. 

- This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease. 

- It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill. 

Q.7. Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of someone with the disease?

Ans. - The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears to be low. 

- While initial investigations suggest the virus may be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route is not a main feature of the outbreak. 

- The ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share new findings. 

- Because this is a risk, however, it is another reason to clean hands regularly, after using the bathroom and before eating. 

Q.8. What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease ?

Ans.  - Protection measures for everyone:

- Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the national,state and local public health authority. 

- Many countries around the world have seen cases of COVID-19 and several have seen outbreaks.

-  Authorities in China and some other countries have succeeded in slowing or stopping their outbreaks. 

- However, the situation is unpredictable so check regularly for the latest news.

Q.9. How can we reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID19 by taking some simple precautions?

Ans.  - You can reduce your chances of being infected or spreading COVID19 by taking some simple precautions: 

=>  Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcoholbased hand rub or wash them with soap and water. 

Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands. 

=> Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. 

Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. 

- If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease. 

=> Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. 

Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. 

From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick. 

=> Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. 

- This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze.Then dispose of the used tissue immediately. 

Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19. 

=> Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority. 

Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. 

- This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections. 

=> Keep up to date on the latest COVID-19 hotspots (cities or local areas where COVID-19 is spreading widely). If possible, avoid traveling to places – especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease. 

Why? You have a higher chance of catching COVID-19 in one of these areas.

Q.10. What are Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading?

Ans. - Follow the guidance outlined above (Protection measures for everyone) 

=> Self-isolate by staying at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache, low grade fever (37.3 C or above) and slight runny nose, until you recover. 

- If it is essential for you to have someone bring you supplies or to go out, e.g. to buy food, then wear a mask to avoid infecting other people. 

- Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses. 

=> If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. 

- Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. 

- Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

Question and Answers on COVID-19 Part 1..  2..

MCQs on Covid 19 Part 1

Saturday, May 8, 2021

Corona Virus (Covid-19) Online MCQs Part 1

Corona Virus - MCQs part 1

Corona Virus (Covid-19) MCQs Part 1
The virus that causes COVID-19 is in a family of viruses called Coronaviridae.
Antibiotics do not work against viruses.
These are MCQs on "Corona Virology" for Entrance examination like CBSE NEET etc.

1. Examples of DNA viruses include:
  1. Coronaviruses.
  2. Varicella zoster virus (VZV).
  3. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
  4. Influenzavirus.
  5. Cytomegalovirus (CMV).

2. How does Corona virus transmit?
  1. When a person sneezes or cough, droplets spread in the air or fall on the ground and nearby surfaces.
  2. If another person is nearby and inhales the droplets or touches these surfaces and further touches his face, eyes or mouth, he or she can get an infection.
  3. If the distance is less than 1 meter from the infected person.
  4. All the above are correct.

Monday, November 16, 2020

Chapter 1 ( The living world ) - MCQs - Biology Class 11th

Chapter 1 ( The living world ) - MCQs - Biology Class 11th

These are MCQs on Chapter 1 ( The living world ) in biology. Solve biology mcqs to increase your knowledge for examinations like CBSE Board, NEET, CSIR NET etc.

 Chapter 1 ( The living world ) - MCQs - Biology Class 11th

1. As we go from species to kingdom in a taxonomic hierarchy, the number of common characteristics
  • Will decrease
  • Will increase
  • Remain same
  • May increase or decrease

2. Which of the following ‘suffixes’ used for units of classification in plants indicates a taxonomic category of ‘family’.
  • -Ales
  • -Onae
  • -Aceae
  • -Ae

Sunday, November 1, 2020

Bioinformatics MCQs Part 16

Bioinformaics MCQs Part 16
Bioinformatics MCQs Part 14

1. Which of the following model account for nucleotide substitutions?
  • Jukes-Cantor
  • Kimuras
  • Complex
  • Option a,b and c

2. Which method is used for predicting protein tertiary structure in the absence of homology to a known structure?
  • Comparative modeling
  • Abinitio prediction
  • Threading
  • Surface modeling

Saturday, October 31, 2020

Bioinformatics MCQs Part 15

Bioinformaics MCQs Part 15
Bioinformatics MCQs Part 14

1. Energy minimization of a modeled protein can be done using _______.
  • ChemSketch
  • Moldraw
  • RasMol
  • Swiss-PDB Viewer

2. Which tool can be used for viewing molecular structures and animating molecular trajectories?
  • Chimera
  • QMol
  • Arguslab
  • ChemSketch

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